Is it really technology in the classroom that enhances learning?
Or is it
the people and how they use the technology that makes the difference. It’s like saying that any social media tool is inherently good or bad… the code itself isn’t bad … it’s how we use it that impacts our learning and the experiences of others around us.
What or rather who is it that enhances technology in the classroom?
I think in the end it’s not so much about the technological tool that you have in the classroom it’s about what you do with the technology you have. As I listened to the debate and reviewed the shared articles, our technology discussion reminded me of a motivational workshop lead by Rick Lavoie. He reminded us that we are among the first generation of teachers that didn’t grow up in the same world as our students. Yes we still attend schools that resemble the traditional brick and mortar schools of years gone by but life has changed or maybe it’s that we have added a variety of ways to interact with others that has changed?
How many educational tools have come along since you were in high school or even university?
Click on the question above to share some of the technological changes that stand out for you. Check out the responses here.
Today’s students live in a connected world in which interaction happens in a variety of ways (face to face, online or through social media). So how do we prepare ourselves for our connected world filled with technology that has the potential to change how we learn? Lavoie cited Alvin Toffler,
Source ― Alvin Toffler
Those 3 words – Learn, Unlearn & Relearn – have stuck with me. So how do we as educators refine our learning environments and strategies to challenge students to think about how they learn, what digital tools enhance their learning and to make meaningful connections to their learning?
Does technology in the classroom make a difference?
I believe it all depends how you use it.
Perhaps it’s committing to be a life long learner, doing the best you can with the technology you have and learning from the students as you go. Although that is sometimes easier said than done.
It’s about what you do with what you have….
- Siegal & Kirkley remind us that the internet gives us 24/7 access to massive amounts of information or data and note Roszak’s comment:
(Web Based Instruction, p. 263-264)
(Image created with Canva)
The source is old 1997, but the comment still raises a valid point.
It’s just information unless we do something with it.
I have to admit. I’m a firm believer in the value of integrating technology into the
classroom, but with that comes the acknowledgement that technology is just a tool.
Unless you know what to do with the device, it’s not going to be an effective or productive learning tool. It’s really about educators taking the lead and demonstrating how technology can be a useful tool. It’s about how teachers integrate the tool into their classes, so that ultimately we don’t talk about the pencil and the eraser as these special tools to help students learn. It’s about learning and choosing the technological tools that best support your learning needs. Pen, pencil, laptop or mobile device.
As an interesting aside….
The “Does Technology enhance learning debate” isn’t particularly new and thanks to Dr. Marguerite Koole in a recent conversation for sharing the pencil and eraser example.
While we take for granted the fact that most pencils come with erasers, it was at one time a revolutionary idea; however,
“school teachers feared an increase in carelessness in children’s work due to the extra appendage on the pencil. This may have been true but it seems that the ability to work faster and being less nervous about making an error has only increased productivity, and the pencil has become one of the world’s most useful and popular writing tools.” (Phillips, 2010)
As I was reading through the blogs this week, I think Kyle summed it up well in his post, “The concerns about these distractions are certainly real and we as teachers must be mindful of them. However, with proper training and education, the benefits of technology are so vast.”
So how do you know what to do with the technological tools you have?
Like Kyle mentioned, along with the disagree side of our debate, purchasing the physical technology is only one part of the equation. Supporting thoughtful, relevant, ongoing PD is not the norm. What type of implementation model is being used to support the people part of the process? Alec Couros shared that a 50/50 split of spending on devices and PD is recommended, while Carlson (2002) encouraged a 60-40 split. Ongoing discussion comments revealed, not surprisingly, that the other half of the budget is not spent on PD.
How often is technology related PD sustainably built into the implementation?
How often do we considered a model of instructional design such as ADDIE to help guide and process our thinking? The ADDIE model encourages us to Analyze the needs, the audience and our learning goals. Purposefully DESIGN a structure, method and strategies that we can DEVELOP into relevant, timely training. Next we create a strong path to implement the training and EVALUATE the effectiveness so that necessary updates can be useful.
What about Assistive Tech?
This model could help us purposefully integrate Assistive Tech into student learning. As I work with teachers and students, there are many instances in which Assistive Tech can aid the learning of a student. Whether it’s learning how to use a communication switch or a helping students access the supportive features of Google Read Write having access to the tech is only one piece of the equation. Both students, teachers and supporting professional needs to consciously integrate the tool into the student’s learning plan regardless of whether it’s a formal IIP (Inclusion and Intervention Plan) or simply a tool that students can use in the classroom. The effectiveness of the intervention is inextricably linked to the people in the student’s environment. Teachers who are supported by professionals and school staff are more likely to purposefully scaffold the use of the tool into daily student learning. It takes time to build the skill set and the environmental conditions in which a student can independently use the tool to aid learning and Adebisi et al’s article reminded us of a variety of Assistive Tech aspects to consider.
My only side note from my personal experiences with supporting assistive tech usage is to ensure you include the student and family in the process. Because in the end, if the student refuses to wear or use the device… it’s hard to effectively integrate it.
How has technology impacted my learning?
When I was teaching in my 1:1 hybrid classroom…
- The connections that my students were able to make to the concepts, how they were able to encode their learning and the ways they were able to share their ideas opened up.
- Did they have to use technology in my class? The opportunity was there for them but the most important part was making a decision about what tool worked best for them to learn.
- Did I encourage them to try out the new app, website or device? Yes, I think you have to try it out before you can tell me that it doesn’t work. It’s not so much about the tool as learning to think about how you learn (metacognition) and why you as a learner choose different strategies.
- It changed the playing field for my students. In the informal data that I collected through surveys and reflection questions, one key point resonated with me. A shy, student explained that when we were online, people actually listened and responded thoughtfully to her points. She explained that they saw her ideas… they saw beyond their assumptions.
Personally, technology has played a significant role in my personal learning.
Without technology, completing my masters two hours away from any university would be very challenging. Not impossible but it would most certainly have affected my decision to start the program. So for me it not only increases access to education but provides a way to actively participate and build a personal learning network.
A rather simple technology has changed my travel time into PD time. Life’s a bit crazy with a young child, a full time job, a home based business and masters classes. The ability to access podcasts, books and online training as I drive turns traditionally lost time into learning time.
So does technology enhance learning.…..it certainly can if you purposefully choose to embed it into the learning …. maybe one day we won’t talk about the technology… just the learning.
Interesting Articles that I came across during the creation of this post:
- Ten Ways to Enhance Teaching Through Technology – Bob Godwin-Jones
- A top ten list worth reading through.
- Metacognition – Nancy Chick
- Interesting article that discussed thinking about one’s thinking and gave examples of how to put it into practice.
- “They must be taught the concept and its language explicitly” but not just in a content delivery model. It needs to be an ongoing process based in a knowledge construction approach.
- The relationship between metacognitive experiences and learning: Is there a difference between digital and non-digital study media? – Elisabeth Norma & Bjarte Furnes (Jan 2016)